April–September 8 am.– 5 pm.
October–March 8 am.– 4 pm.
Fridays and holiday eves: 8 am. 3 pm.
Last entry to site one hour before above closing hour
The Baram synagogue in the National Park of Bar’am, located near the Lebanese border between Kibbutz Sasa and Moshav Dovev, somewhat off the beaten tourist track, is one of the better preserved of its period. Its facade has survived to the height ofthe second floor, and its doorways and windows have been in place for 1,800 years. Carved stones decorate the synagogues entrances, but most impressive is the work sculpted above the Iintel of the main portal-a beautifully-rendered wreath of branches. Additional ornaments once flanked the wreath, but have unfortunately been defaced. From comparisons with other sites it appears that figures of a winged Victory (Nike) adorned both sides of the wreath. The decoration on the frieze above the lintel, of a grapevine tumbling out of an amphora, has also survived. Bunches of grapes (two different kinds) hang heavily on the vine. Beneath the windowto the right of the doorway is an
inscription in Aramaic, the ilanguage of the lews of the Galilee during the late Roman and Byzantine period: “Built by El’azar son of Yudan.”
The inner area of the synagogue has been partially reconstructed with concrete pedestals bearing original columns. ln the northern section of the building’s floor lies a large stone architrave with a series of holes in it. into these holes were once fitted the wooden beams that supported the floor of the synagogues second story, which went from the two rows of columns to the walls of the building, creating three internal galleries. The ark of the Torah was in the southern wall, but it and the benches of the synagogue have not survived. The building, in its final stage of use, served as a dwelling. Nineteenth-century travelers reported and photographed another, smaller synagogue 400 meters north of the Bar’am synagogue. Its lintel has survived
along with its Hebrew inscription: “May there be peace on this place and in all the places of Israel. Yose the Levite, son of Levi made this lintel. May his deeds be blessed.”
How to Get Here The park is located on the Sasa-Baram road (no. 899) about half a kilometer from the junction of the new northern road (about 3 km east of the Hiram junction).
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Wheelchair-accessible trail up to the synagogue; handicapped toilet; handicapped parking